Afghanistan

Community Response Map

Reintegration Sustainability

107

Total Respondents

Gender

Male:
103
Female:
4
Type of Returnee Total
Individual 102
Family 5
Level of Education
4
Associate Degree 2
Bachelors Degree 1
High School 14
Illiterate 42
Intermediate 6
Masters/graduate Degree 1
No Education 3
Primary 16
Secondary 17

Business Set-up

Type of reintegration assistance
3
Business set-up 98
Education 2
Job placement 4
Housing support 3
Vulnerabilities
105
Medical Case 2
Total Interview Method
1
63 In person
41 By phone
1 Other
1 Interviewed in Office
Currency Cash Amount Granted
USD 11,274
GBP 1,650
EUR 8,500
Interview Date
1 Saturday, August 13, 2016
1 Saturday, December 3, 2016
1 Monday, July 10, 2017
1 Monday, July 17, 2017
1 Wednesday, July 26, 2017
2 Sunday, July 30, 2017
3 Thursday, August 3, 2017
1 Saturday, August 5, 2017
1 Monday, August 7, 2017
1 Thursday, August 10, 2017
Departure Date
1 Tuesday, February 2, 2016
1 Sunday, May 29, 2016
1 Sunday, June 19, 2016
1 Sunday, July 3, 2016
1 Saturday, August 6, 2016
1 Tuesday, August 9, 2016
1 Sunday, August 21, 2016
1 Sunday, August 28, 2016
1 Friday, September 2, 2016
1 Saturday, September 10, 2016
Country of Departure
4
Austria 4
Bulgaria 3
Denmark 10
France 3
Sweden 1
United Kingdom 82
City / Area of Return
4
Baghlan 1
Puli Khumri 4
Char Darah 1
Taluqan 1
Mazar-e Sharif 1
Aybak 2
Sare Pol Province 1
Sangcharak 1
Kabul Province 7

Over all situation of Return-Crosscutting Issues

2.1. Do you have access to basic shelter, essential food and potable water?
65
41 Yes
1 No
Total 2.2. As a returnee, having access to public services and social security schemes is for you:
65
2 Easier as for the members of your community of origin
25 The same
4 I don’t know
11 No such services available (i.e. non-existing)

In comparison with the situation before you left

2.3.a Economic situation 2.3.b Health system 2.3.c Infrastructure and basic services 2.3.d Housing access 2.3.e Social and cultural life 2.3.f Public safety/Security 2.3.g Education opportunities
64
1 Improved Improved Improved Improved Improved Improved Improved
2 Improved Improved Improved Improved Improved Worsened Improved
1 Improved Improved Improved Improved The same Improved Improved
3 Improved Improved Improved Improved The same Worsened Improved
5 Improved Improved Improved Improved The same The same Improved
3 Improved Improved Improved The same Improved Worsened Improved
1 Improved Improved Improved The same Improved Worsened The same
1 Improved Improved Improved The same The same Improved Improved
1 Improved Improved Improved The same The same Worsened Improved

Reintegration into the Economic Sphere

3.1. As a returnee, having access to employment is for you:
65
9 Easier as for the members of your community of origin
22 The same
5 More difficult
6 I don’t know
3.2. Please clarify your current status (tick all that apply):
64
34 I am self-employed (the business I set up with the support IOM’s reintegration assistance is still operational)
3 I am employed
2 I am currently looking for a job
1 I am a student/trainee ( go to question 3.8)
3 Other
3.3. How are you able to support yourself now? (tick all that apply)
65
32 Income-generating activity (small business)
3 Salary
1 Personal savings
5 Assistance from friends/relatives
3 Other
3.4. Is the income enough to support yourself and/or a member of your family/community?
67
6 Yes, only myself. – Please specify monthly income. USD
29 Yes, myself and other people. – How many? Please specify monthly income. USD
4 No
1 Not applicable
3.7. Did you face any challenge to run your business?
69
3 Yes, financial issues
1 Yes, personnel issues (capacities, lack of training, health issues).
31 No, I didn’t face any issue, the business is running well.
3 Not applicable
3.8. Are you currently enrolled in a training / education course?
91
1 Training / education course started but not yet completed
1 Enrolled but training / education course not started yet
14 Not enrolled
3.9. Do you think that the course/training will improve your professional prospects for the future?
94
2 Yes
1 I don’t know
10 Not applicable

Access to Basic Public Services

4.1. As a returnee, having access to medical services, housing/accommodation, education for you or your children (if applicable)
65
15 Easier as for the members of your community of origin
23 The same
2 More difficult
2 I don’t know
4.2. Are you satisfied with your access to medical services, houses/accommodation, education for you or your children (if applic
64
32 Yes, completely
4 Yes, but only partially
5 No, not at all
2 I don’t know
4.3. If you face difficulties please precise the field and reasons (more than one can apply):
97
3 Housing / accommodation
1 Couldn’t return to own places (currently staying with friends/relatives, shelter or camp)
3 Accommodation in poor condition
5 Rental cost too expensive
1 Education (for you or your children, if applicable)
4 Medical services
2 Problems in continuing / starting an adequate medical/therapeutic treatment
4 Medical services too expensive
1 Medical services too far

Social Reintegration

5.1. How did your family/friends react to your return?
64
39 Positively
1 Neither positively or negatively
1 Negatively
2 I prefer not to answer
5.2. Have your family/friends played any role in facilitating your reintegration in your region of origin?
64
18 Yes
19 No
6 I dont know
5.3. Have you experienced any difficulties in readapting to the local culture, customs, and norms in your community?
64
42 No
1 I dont know
5.4. Do you feel that you will be able to rely on your family/community in the future?
64
36 Yes
4 No
3 I dont know

Delivery of Reintegration Assistance in the country of origin


In-Kind

6.1. How long did it take from the moment you returned until you met with IOM staff with regards to the provision of your reinte
68
8 Less than one week
4 Less than one month
27 More than one month
6.2. Was it easy for you to contact the IOM office (in person/by phone)?
67
40 Yes
6.3. Has the distribution of the in-kind reintegration assistance already started?
69
30 Yes, I received the entire reintegration grant
3 Partly, payments are still on-going
5 No, not yet – (see question 6.4)
6.4. Have you encountered any problems with the delivery of the reintegration assistance?
70
31 No problem
3 Difficulty in providing documents requested by IOM
2 Business in remote area
2 Security problems

Cash

6.5. How long did it take from the moment you returned until you met with IOM staff to receive your cash reintegration grant?
101
3 Less than one week
3 More than one month
6.6. Was it easy for you to contact the IOM office (in person/by phone)?
99
8 Yes
6.7. Did you receive the cash grant you were entitled to?
99
6 Yes, I received the entire cash grant
1 Partly, payments are still on-going (several installments)
1 No, not yet – (see question 6.10)
6.8. How did you receive the cash reintegration grant?
100
4 Cash in envelope
3 Other
6.9. How did you use /do you plan to use the cash reintegration grant?
99
2 Daily subsistence (food, clothes, etc.)
1 Medical needs
3 Investment in income-generating activity (small business)
2 Other
6.10. Have you encountered any problems with the reception of the cash grant? (tick all that apply)
99
7 No problem
1 Local bureaucracy/corruption

Final Questions/ recommendations made by the returnee

7.1. Do you consider that your decision to return was a good decision
92
12 Yes, my expectations have been fulfilled
2 No, returning didn’t match with expectations
1 I don’t feel I had a choice
7.2. How satisfied are you with your overall current situation?
65
34 Satisfied – ( go to question 7.6)
5 Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied – ( go to question 7.6)
2 Dissatisfied
1 I don’t know
7.3. If you are not satisfied with your current situation, please explain why:
104
1 I have financial problems
1 I don’t feel safe (public safety/security issues)
1 Other.
7.6. How would you assess the impact of the reintegration assistance in meeting your basic needs during the first months upon re
70
4 Low, the reintegration assistance has not met my basic needs
20 Average, the reintegration assistance has met part of my basic needs
13 High, the reintegration assistance has fully met my basic needs
7.7. How would you assess the impact of the reintegration assistance on your self-sufficiency (i.e. to be able to satisfy your n
66
3 Low, I will continue to depend highly on external sources
18 Average, I will require some specific assistance from exernal sources
20 High, I will not require assistance from external sources
7.9. Where do you see yourself living in the future?
66
24 In the current place of return
17 I don’t know
7.12. Did the provision of reintegration assistance influence your decision to return:
93
8 Yes, this was an important factor.
6 No